|Captain Herbert James Haddock|
27 January 1861|
Rugby, Warwickshire, England
4 October 1946 (aged 85)|
Southampton, Hampshire, England
Mabel Eliza Bouchette|
(1893–1935, her death)
Captain Herbert James Haddock, CB RNR (27 January 1861 – 4 October 1946) was an English naval reserve officer and ship's captain, and was captain of the RMS Olympic at the time of the sinking of the Titanic. He was the first person to captain Titanic, overseeing the ship at Belfast while her delivery-trip crew was assembling there from 25 to 31 March 1912.
Before working for the White Star Line, Haddock was a lieutenant with the Royal Navy aboard HMS Edinburgh. In 1902, Haddock was appointed Companion of the Order of the Bath. He was later aide de camp to British royalty.
Haddock was also nominally the first commander of RMS Titanic. He signed on as her master at Southampton on 25 March 1912, and then traveled to Belfast to oversee the crew that was assembling there for the ship's delivery trip to Southampton. He was relieved by Edward J. Smith at Belfast on 31 March and then returned to Southampton to take command of Smith's previous ship, RMS Olympic. On 3 April he began Olympics tenth Southampton-New York-Southampton roundtrip, arriving in New York on 10 April, the day Titanic left Southampton. Olympic was given the radio call sign MKC.
At the time of Titanics sinking Haddock was sailing Olympic easterly from New York to Southampton, approximately 500 nautical miles (930 km; 580 mi) west by south of Titanics location. Haddock was informed of the disaster by wireless operator Ernest James Moore at 2250 ET on 14 April. After receiving a CQD call from Titanic, Haddock calculated a new course and headed directly to her. He also sent for an engineer to set the ship's engines to full power. When 100 nautical miles (190 km; 120 mi) from Titanic, at approximately 1600 ET on 15 April, Haddock received a message from Captain Rostron of RMS Carpathia, explaining that continuing on course to Titanic would gain nothing, as "All boats accounted for. About 675 souls saved [...] Titanic foundered about 2.20 am." Rostron requested that the message be forwarded to White Star and Cunard. He said that he was returning to harbour in New York, and recommended that other ships do the same. Subsequently, the wireless room aboard the Olympic operated as a clearing room for radio messages.
In the United States Senate inquiry into the sinking of the Titanic, Haddock was interviewed by William Alden Smith on 25 May 1912. Haddock gave his residence as Southampton, and his employment as a "master mariner".
After the Titanic disaster Edit
Seven weeks after the Titanic disaster, Haddock almost ran the Olympic aground on rocks near Land's End. The error was attributed to faulty navigation, and Haddock was under strict observation for his next few voyages.
Haddock was in command of Olympic in 1914 during its failed rescue of HMS Audacious after it had collided with a German mine. Olympic was subsequently laid up until being converted to a troopship at the outbreak of World War I. Haddock was redeployed to command a dummy fleet of wooden dreadnoughts and battle cruisers, and was stationed in Belfast. According to the ship's manifest on his 1917 trip to the United States, Haddock had not returned to the U.S. since 1914. In 1915, Harold Sanderson, head of International Mercantile Marine, tried to reassign Haddock to captain Britannic when it was converted to a hospital ship. However, the Admiralty refused to release Haddock from his assignment in Belfast. It is not thought that Haddock returned to the White Star Line after the war.
Haddock was born to Herbert James Haddock (born 1825) in Rugby, Warwickshire on 27 January 1861. Haddock married Mabel Eliza Bouchette, in Rock Ferry, Merseyside on 13 May 1893. Bouchette was born in Liverpool in Template:Circa and lived with her father, Francis, at 91 Townsend Lane, West Derby, Liverpool. Other sources state that Bouchette was from Quebec. Haddock and Bouchette had four children – Geoffrey (10 January 1895 – 17 September 1916), Ruth (1896 – 26 October 1958), and twins Herbert (21 October 1903 – 1988) and Joan (21 October 1903 – 21 November 1920). Geoffrey was a Lieutenant in the Victoria Rifles of Canada. He was killed in action on 27 September 1917 at the age of 21, and was buried at the Canadian National Vimy Memorial. In the 28 May 1935 edition of the London Gazette, Ruth was described as a spinster. UK censuses and civil registers show that the family lived in Rock Ferry until at least 1904. They later moved to Southampton, living in the suburb of Bitterne.
From 5 to 14 May 1917, Haddock sailed from Liverpool to New York City aboard the USS Saint Paul, six months before it was taken over for wartime service. The voyage's manifest shows that Haddock's trip was funded by the Admiralty, and states that his final destination was Newport News, Virginia, where he would be received by the British Navy.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 New York Times (1946)
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 Ellis Island Foundation (1917, p. 662)
- ↑ Scarth (2009, p. 60)
- ↑ Eaton & Haas (1986, p. 269)
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Baber (Undated)
- ↑ Barratt (2010, p. 83)
- ↑ New York Times (1911)
- ↑ "The Malta Directory - 1888". Malta Family History. http://website.lineone.net/~remosliema/malta_1888.htm. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
- ↑ Howells (1999, p. 194)
- ↑ RMS Titanic Radio Page (2010)
- ↑ 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 Titanic Inquiry Project (2012, p. 1)
- ↑ Titanic Inquiry Project (2012, p. 2)
- ↑ 13.0 13.1 13.2 Ellis Island Foundation (1917, p. 661)
- ↑ 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.5 Haydock (2012, p. 273)
- ↑ Family Search (2008)
- ↑ 16.0 16.1 Leroux (2010)
- ↑ 17.0 17.1 London Gazette (1935, p. 3490)
- ↑ Family Search (2011)
- Baber, Mark (Undated), Mr Herbert James Haddock, Encyclopedia Titanica, http://www.encyclopedia-titanica.org/titanic-biography/herbert-james-haddock.html, retrieved 15 January 2012
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- Eaton, John; Haas, Charls (1986), Titanic: Triumph and Tragedy, Yeovil, Somerset: Patrick Stephens, ISBN 0-85059-775-7, http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=WMt-AAAAMAAJ, retrieved 15 January 2012
- Ellis Island Foundation (1917), List or Manifest of Alien Passengers for the United States Immigration Officer at Port of Arrival, New York City: Ellis Island Foundation, http://www.ellisisland.org/search/shipManifest.asp?MID=00790516170905542496&FNM=HERBERT&LNM=HADDOCK&PLNM=HADDOCK&CGD=M&bSYR=1861&bEYR=1861&first_kind=1&last_kind=0&RF=1&pID=610199080256&lookup=610199080256&show=%5C%5C192%2E168%2E100%2E11%5Cimages%5CT715-2523%5CT715-25230661%2ETIF&origFN=%5C%5C192%2E168%2E100%2E11%5CIMAGES%5CT715-2523%5CT715-25230661%2ETIF, retrieved 16 January 2012
- Family Search (2008), Mabel Eliza BOUCHETTE (1881 British Census), Salt Lake City: Intellectual Reserve, http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/Search/Census/individual_record.asp?indi_code=1881BR_3816467_3&lds=5®ion=1®ionfriendly=1881+British+Census&frompage=99, retrieved 16 January 2012
- Family Search (2011), England, Cheshire Parish Registers, 1538-2000 for Joan Haddock, Salt Lake City, https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/F3V5-HQX, retrieved 16 January 2012
- Haydock, Mike (2012), Person Page - 273, Golf, Florida: Data and Misc project, http://mikehaydock.com/p273.htm, retrieved 15 January 2012
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- Leroux, Marc (2010), Lieutenant Geoffrey Haddock, Canadian Great War Project, http://www.canadiangreatwarproject.com/searches/soldierDetail.asp?Id=47880, retrieved 16 January 2012
- London Gazette (1935), Re MABEL ELIZA HADDOCK, Deceased., London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/34164/pages/3490/page.pdf, retrieved 16 January 2012
- New York Times (1911), CHANGE IN COMMODORES, New York City: Adolph Ochs, http://www.encyclopedia-titanica.org/change-commodores.html, retrieved 16 January 2012
- New York Times (1946), CAPT. HADDOCK DEAD, OLYMPIC EX-MASTER, New York City: Arthur Hays Sulzberger, http://www.encyclopedia-titanica.org/capt-haddock-dead-olympic-ex-master.html, retrieved 15 January 2012
- RMS Titanic Radio Page (2010), Distress Radio Traffic, RMS Titanic Radio Page, http://www.hf.ro/, retrieved 16 January 2012
- Scarth, Alan (2009), Titanic and Liverpool, Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, ISBN 1-84631-222-1, http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=THBpzHgogBQC, retrieved 15 January 2012