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Titanic orchetra

Titanic's orchestra;
Top: Clarke; Taylor. Middle: Krins, Hartley, Brailey. Bottom: Hume; Woodward. Not pictured: Bricoux.

The Musicians of the RMS Titanic all perished with the ship when it sank in 1912. They played music, intending to calm the passengers, for as long as they possibly could and all went down with the ship. All were recognized for their heroism.

Titanic Band

Members of the Titanic orchestra

The ship's eight-member orchestra boarded at Southampton and travelled as second-class passengers. They were not on the payroll of the White Star Line, but were contracted to White Star by the Liverpool firm of C.W. & F.N. Black, who placed musicians on almost all British liners. Until the night of the sinking, the orchestra performed as two separate entities: a quintet led by violinist and official bandleader Wallace Hartley, that played at teatime, after-dinner concerts, and Sunday services, among other occasions; and the violin, cello and piano trio of Roger Bricoux, George Krins and Theodore Brailey, that played at the À La Carte Restaurant and the Café Parisien.[1]

List of musiciansEdit

Name Age Hometown Position Body
Brailey, Mr. W. Theodore Ronald24 London, England Pianist
Bricoux, Mr. Roger Marie 20 Cosne-sur-Loire, France Cellist
Clarke, Mr. John Frederick Preston 30 Liverpool, Lancashire, England Bassist 202MB
Hartley, Mr. Wallace Henry 33 Colne, Lancashire, England Bandmaster 224MB
Hume, Mr. John Law "Jock" 21 Dumfries, Scotland Violinist 193MB
Krins, Mr. Georges Alexandre 23 London, England Violinist
Taylor, Mr. Percy Cornelius 32 London, England Cellist
Woodward, Mr. John Wesley 32 Oxford, England Cellist

Theodore Ronald Brailey Edit

Born Theodore Ronald Brailey
25 October 1887(1887-10-25)
Died 15 April 1912(1912-04-15) (aged 24)
RMS Titanic, Atlantic Ocean
Occupation Pianist

Theodore Ronald Brailey (25 October 1887 – 15 April 1912) was an English pianist on the RMS Titanic on its maiden voyage. He died in the disaster.[2][3]

Theodore Ronald Brailey was born on 25 October 1887 in Walthamstow, Essex.[4] His father, William "Ronald" Brailey, was a well-known figure of Spiritualism at the time.[5] He studied piano at school and one of his first jobs was playing piano in a local hotel.[6]

In 1902 he joined the Royal Lancashire Fusiliers regiment signing for 12 years service as a musician.[7] He was stationed in Barbados but resigned his commission prematurely in 1907.[8] He returned to England and lived at 71 Lancaster Road, Ladbroke Grove, London.[3] In 1911, he enlisted aboard ship, playing first on the RMS Saxonia, prior to joining the Cunard steamer RMS Carpathia in 1912, where he met the French cellist Roger Marie Bricoux. Both men then joined the White Star Line and were recruited by Liverpool music agency, C.W. and F.N. Black, to serve on the RMS Titanic[2][3][9] Brailey boarded the Titanic on Wednesday 10 April 1912 in Southampton, UK. His ticket number was 250654, the ticket for all the members of Wallace Hartley's orchestra. His cabin was in the 2nd class quarters.[2][3][10]

After the Titanic hit an iceberg and began to sink, Brailey and his fellow band members started playing music to help keep the passengers calm as the crew loaded the lifeboats. Many of the survivors said that he and the band continued to play until the very end. One second class passenger said: "Many brave things were done that night, but none were more brave than those done by men playing minute after minute as the ship settled quietly lower and lower in the sea. The music they played served alike as their own immortal requiem and their right to be recalled on the scrolls of undying fame." Brailey was 24 years old when he died. His body was never recovered.[2][3][11]

Roger Marie Bricoux Edit

Born Roger Marie Bricoux
1 June 1891(1891-06-01)
Cosne-sur-Loire, France
Died 15 April 1912(1912-04-15) (aged 20)
RMS Titanic, Atlantic Ocean
Occupation Cellist

Roger Marie Bricoux (1 June 1891 – 15 April 1912) was a French cellist on the RMS Titanic on its maiden voyage.[11] He died in the disaster.

Roger Bricoux Template:Fr icon was born on 1 June 1891 in rue de Donzy, Cosne-sur-Loire, France.[12] He was the son of a musician and the family moved to Monaco when he was a young boy.[13] He was educated in various Catholic institutions in Italy.[14] It was during his studies that he joined his first orchestra and won first prize at the Conservatory of Bologna for musical ability.[15] After studying at the Paris Conservatory, he moved to England in 1910 to join the orchestra in the Grand Central Hotel in Leeds.[16] At the end of 1911, he moved to Lille, France, living at 5 Place du Lion d’Or and played in various locations throughout the city.[2]

Before joining the Titanic, Bricoux and pianist Theodore Ronald Brailey had served together on the Cunard steamer RMS Carpathia before joining the White Star Line[2][9][15] He boarded the Titanic on Wednesday 10 April 1912 in Southampton, UK.[15] His ticket number was 250654, the ticket for all the members of Wallace Hartley's orchestra. His cabin was 2nd class and he was the only French musician aboard the Titanic.[10]

After the Titanic hit an iceberg and began to sink, Bricoux and his fellow band members started playing music to help keep the passengers calm as the crew loaded the lifeboats. Many of the survivors said that he and the band continued to play until the very end. One second class passenger said: "Many brave things were done that night, but none were more brave than those done by men playing minute after minute as the ship settled quietly lower and lower in the sea. The music they played served alike as their own immortal requiem and their right to be recalled on the scrolls of undying fame." Bricoux was 20 years old when he died.[15] His body was never recovered.[2]

In 1913, after his apparent disappearance, he was declared a "deserter" by the French army. It was not until 2000 that he was eventually officially registered as dead in France, mainly due to the efforts of the Association Française du Titanic.[17] On 2 November 2000, the same association unveiled a memorial plaque to Bricoux in Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire.[12][17]

Wallace Henry Hartley Edit

Wallace Hartley
Wallace Hartley.gif
Wallace Hartley, bandmaster and violinist on board the Titanic
Born Wallace Henry Hartley
2 June 1878(1878-06-02)
Colne, Lancashire, England
Died 15 April 1912(1912-04-15) (aged 33)
RMS Titanic, Atlantic Ocean
Occupation Violinist, Bandleader
Religion Methodist Christian[18]

Wallace Henry Hartley (2 June 1878 – 15 April 1912) was an English violinist and bandleader on the RMS Titanic on its maiden voyage. He became famous for leading the eight member band as the ship sank on 15 April 1912. He died in the sinking. In March of 2013, after two years of in-depth forensic testing, it was announced that it had been determined a violin found in a British man's attic inside a leather case with the initials "W. H. H." was the instrument used by Hartley, who according to lore played, "Nearer My God to Thee" during the ship's last moments.[19] The identification was helped by an engraving on the violin which his fiancee (Maria Robinson) had placed on the instrument in 1910 which read: 'For Wallace on the occasion of our engagement from Maria.'[20] Further tests by a silver expert from the Gemological Association of Great Britain confirmed that the plate on the base of the violin was original and that the metal engraving done on behalf of Maria Robinson was contemporary with those made in 1910.[21] Finally, while researching the origins of the violin, the auctioneers Henry Aldridge and Son, and a biographer of Wallace Hartley discovered the transcript of a telegram sent to the Provincial Secretary of Nova Scotia, Canada, dated July 19, 1912 in the diary of Hartley's grieving fiance, Ms. Robinson, in which she stated:

"I would be most grateful if you could convey my heartfelt thanks to all who have made possible the return of my late fiance's violin."[22]

This telegram establishes that Hartley's fiancee did receive the returned violin within three months of the Titanic's sinking in April 1912.

Life and careerEdit

Wallace Hartley was born and raised in Colne, Lancashire, England. Hartley's father, Albion Hartley, was the choirmaster and Sunday school superintendent at Bethel Independent Methodist Chapel, where the family attended worship services. Hartley himself introduced the hymn "Nearer, My God, to Thee" to the congregation. Wallace studied at Colne's Methodist day school, sang in Bethel's choir and learned violin from a fellow congregation member.[18][23]

After leaving school, Hartley started work with the Craven & Union Bank in Colne. When his family moved to Huddersfield, Hartley joined the Huddersfield Philharmonic Orchestra. In 1903, he left home to join the municipal orchestra in Bridlington, where he stayed for six years. He later moved to Dewsbury, West Yorkshire and in 1909, he joined the Cunard Line as a musician, serving on the ocean liners RMS Lucania, RMS Lusitania and RMS Mauretania.[23]

Whilst serving on the Mauretania, the employment of Cunard musicians was transferred to the music agency C.W. & F.N. Black, which supplied musicians for Cunard and the White Star Line. This transfer changed Hartley's onboard status, as he was no longer counted as a member of the crew, but rather as a passenger, albeit one accommodated in second-class accommodation at the agency's expense. It later transpired that neither the shipping company nor the music agency had insured the musicians, with each claiming it was the other's responsibility.[23]

In April 1912, Hartley was assigned to be the bandmaster for the White Star Line ship RMS Titanic.[23] He was at first hesitant to again leave his fiancée, Maria Robinson, to whom he had recently proposed, but Hartley decided that working on the maiden voyage of the Titanic would give him possible contacts for future work.

Apart from his short tenure as leader of the band on the Titanic, Hartley is also known for introducing the tritone substitution to ballroom dance music.Template:Fact

Sinking of the TitanicEdit

After the Titanic hit an iceberg and began to sink, Hartley and his fellow band members started playing music to help keep the passengers calm as the crew loaded the lifeboats. Many of the survivors said that he and the band continued to play until the very end. None of the band members survived the sinking and the story of them playing to the end became a popular legend. One survivor who clambered aboard 'Collapsible A' claimed to have seen Hartley and his band standing just behind the first funnel, by the Grand Staircase. He went on to say that he saw three of them washed off while the other five held on to the railing on top the Grand Staircase's deckhouse, only to be dragged down with the bow, just before Hartley exclaimed, "Gentlemen, I bid you farewell!" A newspaper at the time reported "the part played by the orchestra on board the Titanic in her last dreadful moments will rank among the noblest in the annals of heroism at sea."

Though the final song played by the band is unknown, "Nearer, My God, to Thee" has gained popular acceptance. Former bandmates claimed that Hartley had said he would play either "Nearer, My God, to Thee" or "O God, Our Help in Ages Past" if he was ever on a sinking ship, but Walter Lord's book A Night to Remember popularised wireless officer Harold Bride's account of hearing the song "Autumn".

After the sinkingEdit

Bust of Wallace Hartley - geograph.org.uk - 1547029

Bust of Wallace Hartley in Albert Road, Colne

Hartley's body was recovered by the Mackay–Bennett almost two weeks after the sinking, reportedly found "fully dressed with his violin strapped to his body".[24] He was transferred to the Arabic and sent to England. Hartley's funeral took place in Colne on 18 May 1912. One thousand people attended his funeral, while 40,000 lined the route of his funeral procession.[23]

Hartley is buried in Colne, where a 10-foot headstone, containing a carved violin at its base, was erected in his honour.

A memorial to Hartley, topped by his bust, was erected in 1915 outside the Albert Street Methodist Church in Colne where Hartley began his musical career. Hartley's large Victorian terraced house in West Park Street, Dewsbury, West Yorkshire, bears a blue plaque to remind passers-by that this was the bandleader's home.[23]

As of 2001, Hartley's name was still being used when naming new streets and housing in the town of Colne. In 2008, the pub chain J D Wetherspoon named a newly opened pub, (the building having been the long-standing King's Head Hotel up until the mid 1990s),[25] in Colne after the bandleader.[26]

PortrayalsEdit

John Law Hume Edit

Born John Law Hume
9 August 1890(1890-08-09)
Dumfries, Scotland
Died 15 April 1912(1912-04-15) (aged 21)
RMS Titanic, Atlantic Ocean
Occupation Violinist

John Law Hume (9 August 1890 – 15 April 1912) was a Scottish violinist on the RMS Titanic on its maiden voyage. He died in the disaster.[11]

John Law Hume (also known as 'Jock') was born on 9 August 1890 in Dumfries, Scotland and lived with his parents at 42 George Street, Dumfries.[11] He had already played on at least five ships before the Titanic. He was recruited to play on the maiden voyage due to his good reputation as a musician.[27]

He boarded the Titanic on Wednesday 10 April 1912 in Southampton, UK. His ticket number was 250654, the ticket for all the members of Wallace Hartley's orchestra. His cabin was in the 2nd class quarters.

After the Titanic hit an iceberg and began to sink, Hume and his fellow band members assembled in the first class lounge and started playing music to help keep the passengers calm. They later moved to the forward half of the boat deck, where they continued to play as the crew loaded the lifeboats. Many of the survivors said that he and the band continued to play until the very end. One second class passenger said: "Many brave things were done that night, but none were more brave than those done by men playing minute after minute as the ship settled quietly lower and lower in the sea. The music they played served alike as their own immortal requiem and their right to be recalled on the scrolls of undying fame."

Hume was 21 years old when he died, unaware that his fiancée, Mary Costin, was pregnant with his child.[27] His body was recovered by the CS Mackay-Bennett, a cable repair ship, owned by the Commercial Cable Company, registered in London.[3] He was buried in grave 193 at Fairview Lawn Cemetery, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada on Wednesday 8 May 1912.[3][28][29] A memorial was erected for John Law Hume and Thomas Mullin (third class steward) in Dock Park, Dumfries. It reads:

In memory of John Law Hume, a member of the band and Thomas Mullin, steward, natives of

these towns who lost their lives in the wreck of the White Star Liner "Titanic" which

sank in mid-Atlantic on the 14th day of April 1912. They died at the post of duty.[28]

Hume and the other members of Wallace Hartley's orchestra were all members of the Amalgamated British Musicians Union and were employed by a Liverpool music agency, C.W. and F.N. Black, which supplied musicians for Cunard and the White Star Line.[3][30][31] On 30 April 1912 Jock Hume's father, Andrew, received the following note from the agency:

Dear Sir:

We shall be obliged if you will remit us the sum of 5s. 4d., which is owing to us as per enclosed statement.

We shall also be obliged if you will settle the enclosed uniform account.

Yours faithfully,

C.W. & F.N. Black[2][3]

The letter caused controversy at the time when it was reprinted in the Amalgamated Musicians Union's monthly newsletter.[30] Andrew Law Hume decided not to settle the bill.[31]

Georges Alexandre KrinsEdit

Born Georges Alexandre Krins
18 March 1889(1889-03-18)
Paris, France
Died 15 April 1912(1912-04-15) (aged 23)
RMS Titanic, Atlantic Ocean
Occupation Cellist

Georges Alexandre Krins (18 March 1889 – 15 April 1912) was a Belgian violinist on the RMS Titanic on its maiden voyage.[3] He died in the disaster.

Georges Alexandre Krins was born on 18 March 1889 in Paris, France.[12] His family was from Belgium and soon after his birth they moved back there to the town of Spa. He first studied at Academie de Musique de Spa. He then moved to the Conservatoire Royal de Musique in Liège, Belgium where he studied from 30 October 1902 until 1908 where he won first prize for violin, with the highest distinction.[2][3][32]

As a young man he wanted to join the army; however his parents persuaded him otherwise.[3] He worked in his father's shop and played in La Grande Symphonie, Spa.[3] In 1910, he moved to Paris to be first violin at Le Trianon Lyrique.[3] He subsequently moved to London and played for two years at the Ritz Hotel until March 1912.[3] He lived at 10 Villa Road, Brixton, London and became bandmaster of the Trio String Orchestra which played near the Café Français.[3] This led to him being recruited by CW & FN Black, Liverpool to play on the Titanic.[2][3]

He boarded the Titanic on Wednesday 10 April 1912 in Southampton, UK. His ticket number was 250654, the ticket for all the members of Wallace Hartley's orchestra.[3] His cabin was 2nd class and he was the only Belgian musician aboard the Titanic.[3]

After the Titanic hit an iceberg and began to sink, Krins and his fellow band members assembled in the first class lounge and started playing music to help keep the passengers calm. They later moved to the forward half of the boat deck, where they continued to play as the crew loaded the lifeboats. Krins was 23 years old when he died. His body was never recovered.[2][3][33]

Gallery Edit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. "Titanic's Band or Orchestra". Titanic-Titanic.com. http://www.titanic-titanic.com/titanic_band.shtml/. Retrieved 31 July 2007. 
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 Kopstein, Jack (2011 [last update]). "The Valiant Musicians | World Military Bands". worldmilitarybands.com. http://www.worldmilitarybands.com/the-valiant-musicians/. Retrieved 6 June 2011. 
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18 3.19 Encyclopaedia Titanica (2011 [last update]). "Mr W. Theodore Ronald Brailey | Encyclopaedia Titanica". encyclopedia-titanica.org. http://www.encyclopedia-titanica.org/titanic-biography/theodore-ronald-brailey.html. Retrieved 6 June 2011. 
  4. Template:Harvnb
  5. Template:Harvnb
  6. Template:Harvnb
  7. Template:Harvnb
  8. Template:Harvnb
  9. 9.0 9.1 Whitfield, Geoff and Mendez, Olivier (2011 [last update]). "Mr Roger Marie Bricoux | Encyclopedia Titanica". encyclopedia-titanica.org. http://www.encyclopedia-titanica.org/titanic-victim/roger-bricoux.html. Retrieved 5 June 2011. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 titanicsite (2007 [last update]). "Titanic Site". titanicsite.kit.net. http://www.titanicsite.kit.net/passageiros_2classe.html. Retrieved 6 June 2011. 
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 Ancestry.co.uk (2011 [last update]). "Theodore Ronald Brailey - 2nd Class Passenger on the Titanic from England - Brailey - Family History & Genealogy Message Board - Ancestry.co.uk". boards.ancestry.co.uk. http://boards.ancestry.co.uk/surnames.brailey/74/mb.ashx. Retrieved 6 June 2011. 
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 Titanic-Titanic (2011 [last update]). "Titanic-Titanic.com • View topic - Roger Bricoux [cellist]". titanic-titanic.com. http://www.titanic-titanic.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=63&t=4931. Retrieved 6 June 2011. "rue de Donzy" 
  13. Template:Harvnb
  14. Template:Harvnb
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 Sha're (2011 [last update]). "Roger Bricoux [violoncelliste]". titanic.superforum.fr. http://titanic.superforum.fr/t448-roger-bricoux-violoncelliste. Retrieved 6 June 2011. 
  16. Template:Harvnb
  17. 17.0 17.1 Mendez, Olivier (2011 [last update]). "Memorial to Roger Bricoux, Titanic cello player (2000) - 2 November 2000". encyclopedia-titanica.org. http://www.encyclopedia-titanica.org/memorial-roger-bricoux-titanic-cello-player.html. Retrieved 5 June 2011. "On November 2nd 2000, the Association Francaise du Titanic unveiled a memorial plaque in memory of Roger Bricoux in Cosne-sur-Loire, the city where he was born on June 1st 1891. In 1913, Roger had been considered a desertor by the French army, and it was not before 2000, thanks to the AFT's work, that he was officially registered as... dead." 
  18. 18.0 18.1 Joey Butler. "Did faith drive Titanic musicians?". The United Methodist Church. http://www.umc.org/site/apps/nlnet/content3.aspx?c=lwL4KnN1LtH&b=5259669&ct=9353535. Retrieved 2 December 2010. "Wallace Hartley was raised in Colne, England. His father, Albion Hartley, was choirmaster and Sunday school superintendent at Bethel Independent Methodist Chapel. Perhaps a foreshadowing of things to come, it was choirmaster Hartley who introduced the hymn "Nearer, My God, to Thee" to the congregation. Colne had deep ties to Methodism, although its introduction to the movement wasn't the best first impression. Several times John Wesley visited the mill town, which had a tough reputation, and was always met with opposition and, in some cases, violence. During one visit, he was met by an angry mob, and one of his helpers was thrown to his death off a bridge. However, Methodism was eventually embraced in Colne, and almost 10 Methodist chapels sprang up there. Born in 1878, young Wallace studied at Colne's Methodist day school, sang in Bethel's choir and learned violin from a congregation member." 
  19. "Titanic Violin Authenticated as Genuine". ABC News. http://abcnews.go.com/International/titanic-violin-authenticated-genuine/story?id=18739678. Retrieved 16 March 2013. 
  20. Kerry O’Shea (March 15, 2013). "Violin played by bandmaster as the Titanic sank in 1912 found in musician's attic". IrishCentral. http://www.irishcentral.com/news/Violin-played-by-bandmaster-as-the-Titanic-sank-in-1912-found-in-musicians-attic-198436031.html?page=1. Retrieved March 18, 2013. 
  21. Kerry O'Shea (March 15, 2013). "Violin played by bandmaster as the Titanic sank in 1912 found in musician's attic". IrishCentral. http://www.irishcentral.com/news/Violin-played-by-bandmaster-as-the-Titanic-sank-in-1912-found-in-musicians-attic-198436031.html?page=2. Retrieved March 18, 2013. 
  22. Kerry O’Shea (March 15, 2013). "Violin played by bandmaster as the Titanic sank in 1912 found in musician’s attic". IrishCentral. http://www.irishcentral.com/news/Violin-played-by-bandmaster-as-the-Titanic-sank-in-1912-found-in-musicians-attic-198436031.html?page=1. Retrieved March 18, 2013. 
  23. 23.0 23.1 23.2 23.3 23.4 23.5 Handley, Martin (April 2012). The Yorkshire Dalesman (Skipton: Country Publications Ltd): pp. 38–40. 
  24. "Titanic band leader's violin is authentic, say experts". News Wiltshire. BBC. 15 March 2013. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-wiltshire-21806334. Retrieved 16 March 2013. 
  25. http://www.jdwetherspoon.co.uk/home/pubs/the-wallace-hartley
  26. Livesey, Jon (28 October 2008). "New Colne pub to be named after Titanic hero". Lancashire Telegraph. http://www.lancashiretelegraph.co.uk/news/3799270.New_Colne_pub_to_be_named_after_Titanic_hero/. Retrieved 24 March 2008. 
  27. 27.0 27.1 Blackmore, David (2011 [last update]). "Boughton resident’s book reveals tale of young bandsman on Titanic – News – Norwich Evening News". Norwich Evening News. http://www.eveningnews24.co.uk/news/boughton_resident_s_book_reveals_tale_of_young_bandsman_on_titanic_1_898839. Retrieved 6 June 2011. "“He played on at least five ships before the Titanic and he was put forward to play on the ship because they really wanted to cream of the crop to play for passengers. It was such a famous ship and the largest liner at the time and that’s what made John really want to be on its maiden voyage.”" 
  28. 28.0 28.1 Titanic Remembered (2011 [last update]). "Titanic Remembered – in Dumfries". maritime.elettra.co.uk. http://maritime.elettra.co.uk/titanic/dumfries.html. Retrieved 6 June 2011. "in grave 193" 
  29. Ancestry.com (2011 [last update]). "John Law Hume - Musician on the Titanic from England - Hume - Family History & Genealogy Message Board - Ancestry.com". boards.ancestry.com. http://boards.ancestry.com/surnames.hume/595/mb.ashx. Retrieved 6 June 2011. "Burial:Fairview Lawn Cemetery, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada on Friday 3rd May 1912" 
  30. 30.0 30.1 Laing, Peter (2011 [last update]). "Callous demand on family of Scots violinist who played as Titanic sank | Deadline News". deadlinenews.co.uk. http://www.deadlinenews.co.uk/2011/03/20/callous-demand-on-family-of-scots-violinist-who-played-as-titanic-sank/. Retrieved 6 June 2011. 
  31. 31.0 31.1 Darroch, Gordon (2011 [last update]). "A bad note: the bill sent to Titanic violinist who played on as the ship went down | Glasgow and West | STV News". news.stv.tv. http://news.stv.tv/scotland/west-central/237225-a-bad-note-the-bill-sent-to-titanic-violinist-who-played-on-as-the-ship-went-down/. Retrieved 6 June 2011. 
  32. Liverpool Echo (2011 [last update]). "The Brave Bandsmen - A Belgian Memorial :: Liverpool Echo (1912) - 25 April 1912". encyclopedia-titanica.org. http://www.encyclopedia-titanica.org/the-brave-bandsmen-belgian-memorial.html. Retrieved 6 June 2011. 
  33. Passenger 47 (2011 [last update]). "TITANIC 4 YOU CHAT FORUMS :: View topic - The Titanic's Band / Orchestra". hostmybb.com. http://www.hostmybb.com/phpbb/viewtopic.php?p=26167&sid=05a5d5d60b39bf2cb03681fcf29898f8&mforum=httpwwwjohntita. Retrieved 6 June 2011. 

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit

Roger Marie Bricoux
Theodore Ronald Bailey
Wallace Hartley

Template:Commons category

John Law Hume (or Hulme)
Georges Alexandre Krins

Template:Titanic musicians

Template:Link FA

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